The ocean-dwelling fish species listed below are protected throughout Victoria and will not be in the hands of anybody without permission. If these species are accidentally taken, they must be returned to the water as soon as possible and with care.

Blue gropers, they are found in the coastal waters of southern Australia and distinguished by the bright blue colouring of the adult males. The thick-bodied blue gropers have peg teeth, heavy scales, large tails and thick lips. Juveniles are brown to green brown.

— Blue groper —

Black cod is a big marine fish of the Serranidae family. It may be found along the coasts of south-eastern Australia and northern New Zealand, where it prefers to live on near-shore rock and coral reefs at depths of up to 50 metres.

Black cod

A seahorse is any of 46 species of small marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. “Hippocampus” comes from the Ancient Greek hippókampos, itself from híppos meaning “horse” and kámpos meaning “sea monster”


Pipefishes or pipe-fishes are a subfamily of small fishes, which, together with the seahorses and seadragons, form the family Syngnathidae.


The common seadragon or weedy seadragon is a marine fish related to the seahorses. Adult common seadragons are a reddish colour, with yellow and purple markings; they have small leaf-like appendages that resemble kelp fronds providing camouflage and a number of short spines for protection. 


The great white shark, also known as the white shark, white pointer, or simply great white, is a species of large mackerel shark which can be found in the coastal surface waters of all the major oceans.

Great white shark

The sand tiger shark, grey nurse shark, spotted ragged-tooth shark or blue-nurse sand tiger, is a species of shark that inhabits subtropical and temperate waters worldwide. It inhabits the continental shelf, from sandy shorelines and submerged reefs to a depth of around 191 m.

Grey nurse shark